The Revelator Mic, the Elgato Wave 3, and all other USB mics are made to connect directly to a computer, never going through an audio interface. The name sharing is irrelevant. It's the exact same as the Elgato Wave 3 USB mic not being able to connect through the Elgato Wave XLR, even though they're both Elgato Waves. They are fundamentally incompatible.
A condenser vs dynamic mic refers to how the mic itself functions and both types can USB or XLR mics. The XLR vs USB vs 3.5mm mics (those often attached to headsets) is the relevant comparison. USB can obviously go directly to your computer. XLR would have to go through something like the Revelator io24 or the Elgato Wave XLR. 3.5mm mics can be a bit more versatile because they can connect to most computers as well as some audio interfaces (like the GoXLR) as they both have 3.5mm inputs and both know how to interpret the signal though they are usually produce much worse audio quality.
As for the mic pictures in the manual looking like USB mics, they do because USB mics are very similar in design to XLR mics, I suspect the USB mics are often modifications of existing XLR mics. If you zoom in on the photos in the io24 manual, you'll actually see that the front of the mic reads "PreSonus M7 Condensor", which is an XLR mic, not a USB mic (see the product page here).
I'm not aware of any interface that supports what you're suggesting (connecting a USB mic to an audio interface) as the interface would need to essentially act like a computer to talk to the mic over USB and then re-encode the audio information back to USB and forward it on. I'm not aware of any sort of USB to XLR conversion and I think that would be a terrible experience and would likely introduce unnecessary delays.