Studio One supports most audio devices, including those that run on ASIO or WASAPI (Windows) or Core Audio (macOS) drivers.
The question is whether or not AVID provides a driver that allows Windows 10 to see the Digi 003 as an ASIO or WASAPI audio interface. ASIO it preferable.
If AVID only provides a proprietary driver that only allows Pro Tools to access the Digi 003, then the answer is no, you can’t use the Digi 003 with Studio One.
Really what you need to do is visit the AVID site and see if they provide an ASIO driver for Windows 10.